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cost of types of refractory materials pdf

  • TYPE OF REFRACTORY LININGS - Hanlock

    2018-3-13 · Refractory linings should be selected based on the most important physical property necessary for optimum, cost effective, performance. Cost of materials and installation are important components of refractory systems and should be evaluated together to ensure cost effectiveness. Refractory technology constantly changes and

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  • 13 Types of Refractory Materials and Their Applications

    2015-10-26 · Types of Refractory Materials and Their Applications Published on October 26, 2015 October 26, 2015 • 101 Likes • 20 Comments

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  • Types of Refractory Materials and Their Applications

    2019-9-4 · This section describes the types of furnaces, refractories and insulation materials used in industry. It also gives criteria for selecting refractory types for optimum results. 2.1 Types of furnaces Furnaces are broadly classified into two types based on the heat generation method: combustion

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  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    2017-9-8 · lowest overall cost of insulation and heat loss combined over a given period of time. The following Figure 5.4 illustrates the principle of economic thickness of insulation. The simplest method of analysing whether you should use 1' or 2' or 3' insulation is by comparing the cost of energy losses with the cost of insulating the pipe. The insulation

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  • 5. INSULATION AND REFRACTORIES

    Refractory materials, like all solids, expand on heating, the degree of expansion being related to the chemical composition of the refractory.Magnesium oxide has the highest coefficient of expansion of the refractory materials commonly used. Silicon carbide has a comparatively low coefficient of expansion and fused or vitreous silica has the lowest expansion of all the refractory materials ...

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  • Refractory Material - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    2015-9-10 · Refractory manufacturing involves four processes: raw material processing, forming, firing, and final processing. Figure 11.5-1 illustrates the refractory manufacturing process. Raw material processing consists of crushing and grinding raw materials, followed if necessary by size classification and raw materials calcining and drying.

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  • 11.5 Refractory Manufacturing

    2016-7-22 · SECTION 2 INSULATION MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES MP-4 l. Fire retardancy: Flame spread and smoke developed ratings are of vital importance; referred to as 'surface burning characteristics'. m. Resistance to ultraviolet light: Significant if application is outdoors and high intensity indoors. n. Resistance to fungal or bacterial growth: Is important in all insulation applications.

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  • SECTION 2: INSULATION MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES

    2017-12-11 · 3 3. Properties of materials We shall concern ourselves with three types of issues: (a) Mechanical properties of materials (strength, toughness, hardness, ductility, elasticity, fatigue and creep). (b) Physical properties (density, specific heat, melting and boiling point, thermal expansion and conductivity, electrical and magnetic properties)

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  • TYPE OF REFRACTORY LININGS - Hanlock

    2018-3-13 · Refractory linings should be selected based on the most important physical property necessary for optimum, cost effective, performance. Cost of materials and installation are important components of refractory systems and should be evaluated together to ensure cost effectiveness. Refractory technology constantly changes and

    Get Price
  • Refractory Material - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Refractory materials, like all solids, expand on heating, the degree of expansion being related to the chemical composition of the refractory.Magnesium oxide has the highest coefficient of expansion of the refractory materials commonly used. Silicon carbide has a comparatively low coefficient of expansion and fused or vitreous silica has the lowest expansion of all the refractory materials ...

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  • Refractory Materials Market Report 2021 | Market

    Cognitive Market Research provides detailed analysis of Refractory Materials in its recently published report titled, 'Refractory Materials Market 2027'. The research study is an outcome of extensive primary and secondary research conducted by our highly experienced analyst team located across the globe.

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  • Economic Impact Analysis of the Refractory Product ...

    2016-9-13 · Refractory products manufacturing facilities have been identified as sources of several HAPs. The specific types and quantities of HAPs emitted from any particular facility are largely a function of the types of raw materials used and how those materials are processed. Many processes are used to produce refractory products.

    Get Price
  • Overview of Refractory Materials - a PDH Online

    2018-3-4 · Overview of Refractory Materials . A. Bhatia, B.E.. Course Outline. Manufacturing processing involving high temperatures whether melting, refining, sintering, heating and soaking or heat treatment needs refractories to withstand service conditions at the desired operating temperatures.

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  • New types of light-weight refractory and heat

    2011-7-20 · The particulars of a technology for new types of refractory and heat-insulation materials with high porosity, which are obtained by duplicating the cellular structure of the polymer base (polyurethane foam) and using pore-forming technology based on “cold” swelling of inorganic compositions, are examined. The use of electrocorundum, periclase, spinel, and zirconium dioxide as a base ...

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  • TOPIC 5. METALLIC MATERIALS

    2012-12-12 · Dpt. Materials Sci. and Eng. and Chem. Eng. UC3M Topic 5. Metallic materials (III) Sophia A. Tsipas, Elena Gordo & A. Jiménez Morales Light alloys Cu alloys NON-Ferrous Alloys (10 %) METALLIC MATERIALS Super alloys Refractory metals Al alloys Ti alloys Mg alloys Bronzes Brasses Alpaca Co based Ni based Fe based W, Mo, Ta, Nb

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  • Refractory bricks-Types of Refractory bricks - Read Civil

    2018-2-28 · Refractory bricks have very high resistance to high temperatures. Fire bricks or fire clay are the examples for refractory bricks.Refractory bricks are used in kilns, chimneys, boilers etc.In this article, we are discussing the types of refractory bricks.. Types of Refractory bricks 1.Acid Refractory Bricks. Acid Refractory bricks consist of silica bricks and ganister bricks.Silica bricks ...

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  • 2008 Presidential address: How cool are refractory

    2009-7-23 · A huge range of types of refractory materials, with a variety of intricate microstructures and phase assemblages, is commercially available. Refractory materials are mostly oxide based materials, but they are becoming increasingly composite materials, which also contain non-oxide components such as graphite, SiC, resin and metallic particles .

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  • High temperature, refractory materials, bricks, fibers ...

    Spontaneous formation of multilayer refractory carbide coatings in a molten salt media, L Constantin, L Fan, M Pouey, J Roger, B Cui, Jean-François Silvain, and Yong Feng Lu, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 29 March, 2021. Partial replacement of a traditional raw material by blast furnace slag in developing a sustainable conventional refractory ...

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  • 5. INSULATION AND REFRACTORIES

    2017-9-8 · lowest overall cost of insulation and heat loss combined over a given period of time. The following Figure 5.4 illustrates the principle of economic thickness of insulation. The simplest method of analysing whether you should use 1' or 2' or 3' insulation is by comparing the cost of energy losses with the cost of insulating the pipe. The insulation

    Get Price
  • Will The Basic Refractory Materials Market Grow in

    2021-3-4 · Latest market scenario in Global Basic Refractory Materials Industry 2021: The Basic Refractory Materials Market Research Report gives CAGR value, Industry Chains, Upstream, Geography, End-user, Application, Competitor analysis, SWOT Analysis, Sales, Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Market Share, Import-Export, Trends and Forecast. The Report Also Gives Insight On Entry and Exit …

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  • Creation of High-Efficiency Promising Refractory

    The causes of the low level of stability of the tuyere zone of converters and the reaction zone of rotating furnaces are studied and methods of impregnating standard refractories with different binding agents and effective refractory bodies, glues, gunning bodies, and constructions of linings are developed. A construction of a plant for the fabrication of gunning bodies is proposed.

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  • High temperature, refractory materials, bricks, fibers ...

    Spontaneous formation of multilayer refractory carbide coatings in a molten salt media, L Constantin, L Fan, M Pouey, J Roger, B Cui, Jean-François Silvain, and Yong Feng Lu, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 29 March, 2021. Partial replacement of a traditional raw material by blast furnace slag in developing a sustainable conventional refractory ...

    Get Price
  • China Low MOQ for Types Of Refractory Materials -

    2020-12-4 · We pursue the management tenet of 'Quality is superior, Service is supreme, Reputation is first', and will sincerely create and share success with all clients for Low MOQ for Types Of Refractory Materials - Graphite Electrode – Hengtai , The product will supply to all over the world, such as: Guatemala, Nicaragua, Moldova, Our company has already have pass the ISO standard and we are …

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  • Facile Route for Preparing Refractory Materials from ...

    2018-2-2 · The feasibility of a facile technological route to preparation of refractory materials from a ferronickel slag with the addition of sintered magnesia was verified in this study based on the thermodynamics analysis and the experimental exploration of the effect of the sintered magnesia addition on the phase transformation of ferronickel slag during the sintering process.

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  • 2008 Presidential address: How cool are refractory

    2009-7-23 · A huge range of types of refractory materials, with a variety of intricate microstructures and phase assemblages, is commercially available. Refractory materials are mostly oxide based materials, but they are becoming increasingly composite materials, which also contain non-oxide components such as graphite, SiC, resin and metallic particles .

    Get Price
  • Lightweight Refractory Can Improve Kiln Insulation ...

    2020-9-11 · The science behind the lightweight refractory, developed over several decades, is what has led to its excellent performance. Most naturally occurring expanded minerals used for insulation applications, for example perlite or vermiculite, can lead to a final product that is problematic in terms of extremely variable pore size and limited thermal stability at elevated temperatures in excess of ...

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  • Guide for authors - International Journal of Refractory ...

    2 天前 · Before You Begin The entire submission and review process for the International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials proceeds entirely online using the Editorial Manager, which shortens publication times.. Prior to submitting your paper, please follow the instructions on manuscript preparation given below. Please note that you must have an e-mail address to use the online …

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  • on CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION

    2017-10-27 · CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION . COURSE CODE: BCE 203 . SYLLABUS Module Number Chapter Number Title Lecture hours (3-1-0) ... Total . 8 . 3 7 Fire Resistive Construction 2 8 Plastering 2 9 Damp prevention 2 Total . 6 . 4 10 Types of doors and windows 3 11 Painting and decoration 2 12 Glazing 2 13 Repair of Building 2 14 Stone 1 ...

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  • Economic Impact Analysis of the Refractory Product ...

    2016-9-13 · Refractory products manufacturing facilities have been identified as sources of several HAPs. The specific types and quantities of HAPs emitted from any particular facility are largely a function of the types of raw materials used and how those materials are processed. Many processes are used to produce refractory products.

    Get Price
  • Refractory Materials Market Report 2021 | Market

    Cognitive Market Research provides detailed analysis of Refractory Materials in its recently published report titled, 'Refractory Materials Market 2027'. The research study is an outcome of extensive primary and secondary research conducted by our highly experienced analyst team located across the globe.

    Get Price
  • Draft Report - US EPA

    2015-9-1 · bonded products that include resins, pitch, and other organics in addition to refractory materials. The pitch-impregnated refractory manufacturing process is expected to be regulated for polycyclic organic matter (POM) during a thermal processing step.

    Get Price
  • China Low MOQ for Types Of Refractory Materials -

    2020-12-4 · We pursue the management tenet of 'Quality is superior, Service is supreme, Reputation is first', and will sincerely create and share success with all clients for Low MOQ for Types Of Refractory Materials - Graphite Electrode – Hengtai , The product will supply to all over the world, such as: Guatemala, Nicaragua, Moldova, Our company has already have pass the ISO standard and we are …

    Get Price
  • Will The Basic Refractory Materials Market Grow in

    2021-3-4 · Latest market scenario in Global Basic Refractory Materials Industry 2021: The Basic Refractory Materials Market Research Report gives CAGR value, Industry Chains, Upstream, Geography, End-user, Application, Competitor analysis, SWOT Analysis, Sales, Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Market Share, Import-Export, Trends and Forecast. The Report Also Gives Insight On Entry and Exit …

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  • Evaluation of Cost Effectiveness of Onibode Fire-Clay

    2015-8-31 · In establishing a plant or factory, the cost-benefit analysis is needed to determine the viability for such financial investment on the project. In this paper, the cost establishing a factory of 200,000 bricks per annum capacity, for the production of high quality refractory bricks from locally available raw materials in Nigeria was evaluated.

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  • Global Basic Refractory Materials Market Report 2015

    This report studies the Basic Refractory Materials market status and outlook of global and major regions, from angles of players, countries, product types and end industries, this report analyzes the top players in global Basic Refractory Materials industry, and splits by product type and applications/end industries.

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  • SECTION 2: INSULATION MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES

    2016-7-22 · SECTION 2 INSULATION MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES MP-4 l. Fire retardancy: Flame spread and smoke developed ratings are of vital importance; referred to as 'surface burning characteristics'. m. Resistance to ultraviolet light: Significant if application is outdoors and high intensity indoors. n. Resistance to fungal or bacterial growth: Is important in all insulation applications.

    Get Price
  • Economic Long-Duration Electricity Storage by Using Low ...

    2020-9-3 · Economic Long-Duration Electricity Storage by Using Low-Cost Thermal Energy Storage and High-Efficiency Power Cycle (ENDURING) ... specialized in refractory materials, powder, high-temperature insulation (>1,600°C) material, design and construction. ... o Several particle types …

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  • BOILER REFRACTORY MATERIAL AND THERE

    2016-11-26 · BOILER REFRACTORY MATERIAL AND THERE REQUIREMENTS:-in this article we discussed about boiler refractory and refractory material and there requirement . refractory material can be any material, which can withstand the action of abrasive or corrosive solids, liquids or gases at high temperatures are called ‘refractory’ material .The section of refractory material is depending upon the ...

    Get Price
  • Economic Impact Analysis of the Refractory Product ...

    2016-9-13 · Refractory products manufacturing facilities have been identified as sources of several HAPs. The specific types and quantities of HAPs emitted from any particular facility are largely a function of the types of raw materials used and how those materials are processed. Many processes are used to produce refractory products.

    Get Price
  • ITP Materials: Novel Ceramic and Refractory Components ...

    2007-4-24 · of several types of chemical reactors, and in the glass ... Development of Cost Effective Ceramic and Refractory Components for AL Melting and Casting, Project Summary Form (CPS 1764), project report website: ... ITP Materials: Novel Ceramic and Refractory Components Improve Aluminum Melting and Casting Subject: ITP Materials Success Stories ...

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  • Draft Report - US EPA

    2015-9-1 · bonded products that include resins, pitch, and other organics in addition to refractory materials. The pitch-impregnated refractory manufacturing process is expected to be regulated for polycyclic organic matter (POM) during a thermal processing step.

    Get Price
  • Global Industrial Refractory Materials Market Research ...

    [185 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Industrial Refractory Materials Market Research Report 2020, Segment by Key Companies, Countries, Types, Applications and Forecast 2021 to 2026 report by HJ Research. According to HJ Research's study, the global Industrial Refractory...

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  • High Temperature Structural Materials - EOLSS

    2020-8-25 · Refractory Metals 2.4. Intermetallics 3. Applications 3.1. Fuel Cells 3.2. Gas Turbines for Electric Power ... desired shape, part, or piece of machinery at a reasonable cost consistent with the application. This can be a serious problem with some materials for which standard ... types of high temperature materials have been developed over the ...

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  • BOILER REFRACTORY MATERIAL AND THERE

    2016-11-26 · BOILER REFRACTORY MATERIAL AND THERE REQUIREMENTS:-in this article we discussed about boiler refractory and refractory material and there requirement . refractory material can be any material, which can withstand the action of abrasive or corrosive solids, liquids or gases at high temperatures are called ‘refractory’ material .The section of refractory material is depending upon the ...

    Get Price
  • Lecture 1. Material Properties 1. Background

    2017-12-11 · 3 3. Properties of materials We shall concern ourselves with three types of issues: (a) Mechanical properties of materials (strength, toughness, hardness, ductility, elasticity, fatigue and creep). (b) Physical properties (density, specific heat, melting and boiling point, thermal expansion and conductivity, electrical and magnetic properties)

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  • Thermocouple Selection Guide - RS Components

    2017-9-22 · Different Thermocouple Types The materials are made according to internationally accepted standards as laid down in IEC 584 1,2 which is based on the international Practical Temperature scale ITS 90. Operating temperature maxima are dependent on the conductor thickness of the thermoelements. The thermocouple

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  • VIBRATING TABLE CATALOG

    powdery materials in shipping containers etc. Sizes to fit your particular need will be quoted upon request. Give dimensions A to F. VIBCO’s design utilizes high-strength tubular steel, which is 4x stronger and much lighter than the angle irons other tables are made from.The result is a more effective table.

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  • TMS | The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society

    The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) is a professional association that connects minerals, metals, and materials scientists and engineers who work in industry, academia, and government positions around the world. TMS is a qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization (EIN: 25-1484913).

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  • Plastic Refractory Material Market Report 2021 |

    2021-5-24 · Plastic Refractory Material Market report covers below mentioned list of players. Additional company data of your interest can be provided without an additional cost (subject to data availability). In case you wish to add more companies/competitors please mention in the request sample form form.

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  • High Temperature Structural Materials - EOLSS

    2020-8-25 · Refractory Metals 2.4. Intermetallics 3. Applications 3.1. Fuel Cells 3.2. Gas Turbines for Electric Power ... desired shape, part, or piece of machinery at a reasonable cost consistent with the application. This can be a serious problem with some materials for which standard ... types of high temperature materials have been developed over the ...

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  • lightweight refractory materials sold on ebay

    2021-3-26 · Pizza oven fire bricks, these are the proper lightweight refractory bricks (using in kilns, wood fires etc) Bought for pizza oven but plans have changed and now don’t have time to make it :(2 types 230 x 170 x 75 rectangular 340 x 150 x 70-80 tapered 3 each, quite a …

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  • Energy Efficiency Opportunities in the Glass

    2020-2-5 · development of advanced refractory materials, and technologies such as oxy-fuel firing and electric and chemical boosting, which increase production capacity. (Pellegrino 2002, Ruth 1997) Increased efficiency will help lower costs and make the US glass industry stronger in the face of global competition, substitute materials and economic downturns.

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  • REMOVING BOTTLENECK FROM A MANUFACTURING

    2019-7-4 · 4.2 Refractory materials 16 4.3 Types of refractory materials 16 4.4 Refractory manufacturing 18 4.5 Manufacturing process of Bet-ker Oy 20 4.6 Raw materials used in Bet-ker Oy 22 4.7 Analysis of manufacturing process of Bet-ker Oy 23 4.8 Findings of analysis of manufacturing process 24 4.9 Recommendation to remove bottlenecks 28

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  • RS-D Sheet Types | ZIRCAR Refractory Composites, Inc.

    Refractory Sheet Type RS-D is available in four types: two types of moldables, and two types of rigid sheets. They are as follows: TYPE RS-DA is a plastic highly moldable sheet ideally suited for forming custom geometries. TYPE RS-DM Sheet is a moldable form of Type RS-D with a higher density than obtainable from Refractory Sheet Type RS-DA.

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  • Refractories and Classification of Refractories –

    2017-4-30 · They are used for special purposes like – construction of crucible, some parts of furnaces and, research and development purposes etc. where the cost of the refractory is of no consideration. They include materials like pure alumina, sialons (Si – Al – O – N), thoria (ThO2), beryllia (BeO), zirconia, boron nitride, and spinel etc.

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  • Cost optimization for the cutting a cobalt chrome ...

    This paper shows a complete approach to solve a given problem, from the experimentation to the optimization of different cutting parameters. To solve an industrial problem of slotting CoCr29Ni10W7, a Cobalt-based refractory material, we have implemented a design of experiment to determine the effect of cutting parameters on tool life, surface roughness, and cutting forces.

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  • Lecture 1. Material Properties 1. Background

    2017-12-11 · 3 3. Properties of materials We shall concern ourselves with three types of issues: (a) Mechanical properties of materials (strength, toughness, hardness, ductility, elasticity, fatigue and creep). (b) Physical properties (density, specific heat, melting and boiling point, thermal expansion and conductivity, electrical and magnetic properties)

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  • Processes | Free Full-Text | Recovery of Raw Materials ...

    Today, refractory materials are used in a wide variety of industrial sectors. These ceramic materials are products that are generally used under a high-temperature load of >1500 °C [] for lining and delivery of thermotechnical facilities, such as blast furnaces or converters, as well as for transport devices in iron and steel, aluminum, cement and ceramic industries, incineration plants and ...

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